I indicate the right path.
I took a path around the lake.
I predict the path of typhoons.
A path points to a file system location by following the directory tree.
I pass you the ball.
I took the pass between the peaks.
It is the password of the computer.
The doctor performs a bypass surgery in the heart.
これらの例文を見ると、人工衛星のパスは "path" が正しいようです。